Costus afer is an evergreen Perennial growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. Suitable. The stem, seeds and rhizome contain several steroidal sapogenins, of which diosgenin is the most important one. The rhizome yields % diosgenin. Costus afer is commonly used as a medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa. An infusion of the inflorescence is taken to treat tachycardia. The same infusion or.
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Mixed inhibitor has equal affinities for the free enzyme and the enzyme substrate complex and does not affect the binding of the affr [ 26 ]. Control of blood glucose level is imperative in the management of diabetes. The African Costus spp. The sap can be used to coagulate latex and is also used in skin nourishing creams[ ]. Costus, gingembre spirale Fr.
Costus afer Spiral Ginger, Ginger lily, White spiral costus. PFAF Plant Database
Biochemical and histological studies of aqueous extract of Bidens pilosa leaves from Ugandan Rift Afee in rats. A rhizome decoction or the raw rhizome is taken to treat leprosy and venereal diseases[ ]. The bioactive components responsible for these properties are surely different from one extract to another and their chemical composition could be different.
In Ethiopia Costus afer is harvested on a large scale from the wild for medicinal purposes, resulting in diminishing numbers. Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Afed was used as positive control. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development; Journal of Natural Products 60 Leaf sfer is used as eye drops to treat eye troubles and as nose drops to treat headache with vertigo, and in frictions to treat oedema and fever.
The aqueous extract of the leaves and stems showed significant antibacterial and amoebicidal activity in vitro[ ]. Diosgenin is a very important costs material used as a precursor in the synthesis of a number of cosrus drugs, including corticosteroids, sex hormones, oral contraceptives and anabolic agents[ ].
Handbook of Medicinal Plants; pp. The chloroform and methanol extracts from the aerial parts showed a significant reduction of carrageenin-induced rat paw oedema. Table 3 Effect of different doses of Costus afer Ker Gawl leaves renal function tests.
This taxon has not yet been assessed. A stem decoction, the mashed or chewed stem or the pounded fruit, sometimes mixed with sugar cane juice, are taken to treat cough, respiratory problems and a sore throat.
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Rhizome pulp is applied to abscesses and ulcers to heal them, applied to teeth to cure toothache and mixed with water to treat diarrhea and amoebic dysentery.
Costus afer is widely used for ceremonial and religious purposes. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol.
Renal function tests as indicators of kidney injury in subacute toxicity cosstus. Right plant wrong place. The toxic effect of aqueous extract of C.
A violet brownish ring below the interface followed by the formation of a greenish ring in the acetic acid layer indicated the presence of glycosides. Costus afer has some value as an ornamental plant.
Hepatoprotective effect of Indian medicinal plants Part I. A new approach to practical acute toxicity testing. Cosfus, the leaf sap is used as eye drops to treat eye troubles and afrr nose drops to treat headache with vertigo[ ].
It is commonly found in moist and shady forest of West and Tropical Africa [ 8 ]. The same infusion or a rhizome infusion is taken to treat stomach complaints.
QR Code What’s this? It is sometimes cultivated for the stem bark which is used to make table mats and baskets[ ]. These inhibitory activities correlated with a concentration effect on their antioxidant capacities.
Costus – Wikipedia
These values were lower than IC 50 of the reference drug, acarbose 3. View at Google Scholar G. The pulped stems taken in water are strongly diuretic. The present study revealed another possible mechanism of Costus afer on diabetes, based on glycolytic enzyme inhibition and antioxidant properties.
There are 1 news article citations related to Costus afer Ker Gawl. Experiments to use the stem for making paper have been successful[ ]. The current state of serum biomarkers of hepatotoxicity. A new phylogeny-based generic classification of Costaceae Zingiberales. Journal List Anc Sci Life v. The powdered stems are used as an enema to treat worms and haemorrhoids[ ].
Subchronic toxicity Subchronic toxicity testing was conducted according to World Health Organization and Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development guidelines.
Five drops of concentrated hydrochloric acid were added to the aqueous extract in a test tube and the change in color was observed; a red aferr indicated the presence of anthocyanins. A blue color indicated the presence of hydrolysable tannins. Strips made from the outer stem are made into baskets[ 46 ]. Table of Contents Alerts. Irrespective of the plant part, water and methanol poorly extracted phenols and flavonoids because their total contents were significantly lower compared ater the other extracting solvents.