DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM by Stuart contributes to Stylish Scripting: SitePoint’s DHTML and CSS Blog. About The. DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM explores the Document Object Model, remote scripting, Ajax, XML-RPC and. What do Flickr, Google Suggest, Google Maps, and GMail have in common? They all take great advantage of some of the latest modern, unobtrusive DHTML .

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Likewise, if you’re testing for a variable vor for a DOM property prop of an object, you can often use the variable or the DOM attribute’s property name directly:.

The element and text node now form a mini-tree of two nodes officially a document fragmentbut they remain separate from the DOM. In Internet Explorer where there is a global window.

So, to hide an element from display, we can set its display property to none:. Notice how similar the function outline is to the smart links example. This specially-named rollover image allows us to deduce the name of any rollover image without saving that name anywhere.

Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM

We can safely assume in the image check that link. In practice, what this means is that you have a small number of standard functions and techniques that you use to carry out event handling actions. If no element is returned, we give up, degrading gracefully. Actually, you could have as many as you liked, but each one would overwrite the one before it, so, effectively, you have only one.


Events have two further important properties: We can obtain the second child in our example HTML an li element as follows:. Using the old-fashioned method above, only dhtm piece of code could be run in response to any event.

Missing implementations are relatively easy to deal with: If the method does exist, we continue:. We can apply this effect to tables in an HTML document using event listeners.

When a page is scrolled, the specification is rather vague on whether clientX and clientY are returned relative to the whole document, or to the window the part of the document that is visible. This script contains a myScriptInit function, which sets up myScriptEventListener as an event listener.

Key codes in the DOM are a standards mess! The easiest way around this is to refrain from defining IDs on elements in a block that you wish to clone.

The mouseout function does the exact opposite: The childNodes array may contain nothing if the node has no children such nodes are called leaf nodes. Elements usually correspond to a particular tag and its content. As we know, the DOM Events specification mandates that an event object is passed to the event listener as an argument, whereas Internet Explorer makes the event object available as the global window.


DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript and DOM

If you post a response to this post on your own site, uto;ia you also support Webmention I’ll be notified automatically. Therefore, they will not run the code enclosed by the if statement; nor will they display an error.


The setupRollovers function does nothing but install listeners. A tuopia that does not run JavaScript at all will simply work without calling any of your DHTML code, so you can ignore it for the purposes of this discussion. The next level of DOM manipulation, above and beyond changing the properties of elements that are already there, is to add and remove elements dynamically. Now, the text displayed on-screen for that link will read Google, which matches the link destination that we changed earlier.

BookNomads: DHTML Utopia

The second function makes sure that the first is connected to the right HTML tag. To find the other cells in this column, we could iterate through all the rows in the table and find within each row the cell that has the same cellIndex. The method returns an array that contains all matching elements Technically, it returns a node collection, but this works just like an array. With the large background image showing through the viewing area, what should appear when the cursor is in the top-left corner of that viewing area?

Utterly meaningless, but it looks like what… a warning?