Bianculli, AC () Negotiating Trade Liberalization in Argentina and Chile: When Fulquet, G () El Proyecto Educativo Para El MERCOSUR Y Los Debates En Torno . Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing. . Journals A-Z. editing, and Michelle Furman for her excellent design work. Joseph S. Tulchin resistance of Mercosur countries, particularly Brazil and Argentina: the launching Red de Investigaciones Económicas del Mercosur, Edificio Mercosur,. Piso 3. Alaska, Arizona (a minimum of 10 US citizens is required, the majority of them . Tucson: University of Arizona Press. “Etnografía del Budismo Zen Argentino: Ritual, Cuerpo y Poder en la “Nuevas religiones japonesas en el Mercosur: La Transnacionalización Ignorada. Montevideo: Ediciones de la Banda Oriental.
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A smaller number of private-sector representatives were also interviewed. This may have been a reaction to the demands of the US government concerning the level of argentin to be undertaken in this sector.
Thus, the level of concessions made by one country at one point in time may be upheld with the expectation of obtaining larger gains in future bargains. A number of specific market access problems were identified in areas such as construction and consulting especially in Brazilbut a decision was made to take these issues to the sub-regional rather than the multilateral negotiating table.
In the next section we examine the broad evidence on the content of the Argentine list of offers, before turning to the issue of what may have accounted for the outcome.
Strategic considerations or domestic group pressures may have played a role in insurance commitments. Section makes a comparative assessment of the coverage and depth of the Argentine list of offers. Third, for the same reasons the ratios developed by Hoeckman provide a fragile basis for cross-country or cross-sector comparisons.
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In distribution services, Argentina bound with no restrictions retailing and wholesale trade services and franchising. First, the absence of commitments should not be taken as equivalent to the existence of restrictions, since a low level of commitments can reflect strategic behaviour.
Immediately after the launching of the Uruguay Round UR inthe Argentine government allocated the functional responsibility for the technical work on services trade to the Economy Ministry, at that time still responsible for the conduct of international trade negotiations. At first sight, the Argentine case does not seem to fit well with any of these explanations. We found the case study interesting because it underlines the domestic roots of international trade policy-making and illustrates the way in which the international trade regime can be used instrumentally by national authorities willing to consolidate their policy preferences.
WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION
This suggests that strategic or reciprocity considerations, the last of which was at the centre of financial services negotiations, did not play a relevant role. This hypothesis merrcosur be useful to understand trade policy-making mercosuur normal times, but it may shed less light during periods of stress and deep policy reform.
Commitments on Market Access: The US administration did not push for negotiations in coastal maritime services and air transportation either.
However, UDES had very limited success in mobilizing the private sector or making substantive contributions to the policy-making process. In that agency produced one of the earliest proposals on services negotiations submitted to the GATT by a developing contracting party. The GATS offers largely reflect this phenomenon. Insurance services were unbound for Modes 1 and 2 market access and national treatment.
Consequently, in the case of Chile market access commitments were concentrated in only five sectors business services, communications, financial services, tourism and transportation.
In a few sectors such as business, insurance, argentinw and construction-related engineering services the pressure of domestic interest groups may have also played a role.
Domestic data and telex transmission, electronic mail, voice mail and electronic data interchange were bound with no restrictions. Second, in four out of five sectors in which Chile undertook market access commitments business services, communications, financial mercoaur and argentinnathe coverage ratio was lower than that of Argentina. Tourism and travel services, at last, were bound with no restrictions.
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The number of commitments negotiated was higher than in the case of Chile and slightly higher than Brazil. The first academic works dealing with trade in services were published in the second half of the s.
In effect, while Argentina bound According to this view, one key factor behind trade policy formation would be the relative influence of alternative interest groups.
Section reports our main qualitative findings about the major factors that shaped its content. Apart from the role of domestic interest groups, multilateral trade negotiations can also be regarded as a editorail game in which governments look for reciprocal concessions. Number of negotiated commitments na In those sectors in which Argentina undertook commitments, they were even deeper than the OECD average.
According to some interviewed, these pressures worked to a certain extent because Argentina included these activities with restrictions as opposed to the original list, where no commitments were undertaken for insurance. Satellite services was one of the toughest issues in negotiations with third parties, particularly the United States.
Many public officials interviewed underlined that one of the major obstacles faced was not so much that of gathering the required normative information, but interpreting it in the ediyorial of what was necessary to build a national list of commitments. Where does Argentina fit? The authors of the case studies wish to disassociate the institutions with which they are associated from opinions expressed in the case studies and from any errors or omission therein.