Cleaning, Descaling, and Passivation of Stainless Steel This standard is issued under the fixed designation A; the number immediately. Pickling, passivation and removing iron contamination with nitric acid ASTM A – Practice for Cleaning, Descaling and Passivating of Stainless Steel Parts, . Passivation per ASTM A Posted on November 29, Latest News. APT to Exhibit at SHOT Show in Las Vegas, NV. Advanced Plating.

Author: Shanris Dishicage
Country: Equatorial Guinea
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Education
Published (Last): 16 February 2016
Pages: 199
PDF File Size: 19.51 Mb
ePub File Size: 4.3 Mb
ISBN: 283-2-72712-648-1
Downloads: 65454
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Douzragore

Methods are described for the detection of free iron and transparent chemical and oily deposits.

Recommended cleaning practices shall be followed for welds and weld-joint areas, specially critical applications, installed systems and post-erections.

Specific treatments are however also specified. It was at one time considered that an oxidizing treatment was necessary to establish this passive metal oxide film, but it is now accepted that this film will form spontaneously in an oxygen-containing environment providing that the surface has been thoroughly cleaned or descaled.

Featured Articles & Publications

I currently need to passivate a partly electropolished L stainless steel process system. Precision inspection shall be performed by solvent-ring test, black light inspection, atomizer test, and ferroxyl test.

It therefore in no way precludes the passivatiob for careful planning and judgment in the selection and implementation of such procedures. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

Materials shall be precleaned. In addition, visual inspection of internal surfaces is often impossible because of the configuration of the item. Such chemical treatment is generally not necessary for the formation of the passive metal oxide film. There are better formulations for passivstion what you want, however, that are available on a proprietary basis.

ASTM A – Stainless Steel Passivation by Keystone Finishing

Passivation is a process that removes exogenous iron or iron compounds from the surface of the stainless steel alloy. The standard also allows any combination of citric acid concentration, temperature and time, provided that the passivation test criteria can be met.

Naturally occurring conditions such air or aerated water will do this and so under many exposure conditions stainless steels will naturally self-passivate. Some of the various meanings associated with the term passivation that are in common usage include the following: In order to avoid ambiguity in the setting of requirements, it may be necessary for the purchaser to define precisely the intended meaning of passivation.


This process greatly reduces the formation rust on the surface of the workpiece. On the other hand, some of the practices may be applicable for these purposes. Tests with acceptance criteria to demonstrate that the passivation procedures have been successful are listed in 7. Stainless steels are designed to naturally self-passivate whenever a clean surface is exposed to an environment that can provide enough oxygen to form the chromium rich oxide surface layer, on which the corrosion resistance of these alloys depends.

Degreasing and general cleaning shall be accomplished by immersion in, swabbing with, or spraying with alkaline, emulsion, chelate, acid, solvent, or detergent cleaners or a combination of these; by vapor degreasing; by ultrasonics using various cleaners; by steam, with or without a cleaner; or by high-pressure water-jetting.

I believe you must pickle the spools with an acid which pasivation fluoride in some form — often a standard nitric-hydrofluoric passivatuon acid or pickling paste, and follow this either with electropolishing or with nitric acid passivation or citric acid passivation to the standards discussed above.

The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently pasivation the other. If you let this solution inside your S.

While the practice provides recommendations and information concerning the use of acids and other cleaning and descaling agents, it cannot encompass detailed cleaning procedures for specific types of equipment or installations. Passivation treatments are sometimes specified, but it is important to psasivation whether this is strictly necessary or not.

Passivation of 316L SS per ASTM A380

Could someone confirm or deny this effect? Consideration shall be given in the design of parts, equipment, and systems that will require cleaning to minimize the presence of areas in which dirt, or cleaning solutions might become trapped, and to provide for effective circulation and removal of cleaning solutions.

It’s not possible to diagnose a finishing problem pqssivation the hazards of an operation via these pages.


passkvation I think you may be thinking of ammonium hydrogen difluoride which is often used in place of hydrofluoric asttm in pickle solutions. Others, such as food-handling, pharmaceutical, aerospace, and certain nuclear applications, may require extremely high levels of cleanness, including removal of all detectable residual chemical films and contaminants that are invisible to ordinary inspection methods.

Parts treated however must pass specific tests to confirm the effectiveness of the passivation, although in practice the tests are for the detection of the effects of residual iron contamination on the surface of the parts. These recommendations are presented as procedures for guidance when it is recognized that for a particular service it is desired to remove surface contaminants that may impair the normal corrosion resistance, or aatm in the later contamination of the particular stainless steel grade, or cause product contamination.

This formula should not hurt your electropolished surfaces.

Article: Passivation of stainless steels

Process Class Stainless Steel Types C1 or C2 Austenitics, austenitic precipitation hardening and duplex C3 High chromium martensitics C4 Ferritics, martensitics and martensitic precipitation hardening. Our facilities are capable of handling both large and small parts. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard. Our facility is capable of handling a wide variety of projects, whether you need ATM A standards or a different type of finishing.

For certain exceptional applications, additional requirements which are not covered by this practice may be specified upon agreement between the supplier and the purchaser. In some cases, no more than degreasing or removal of gross contamination is necessary.

Precaution shall always be practiced to minimize iron contamination, in reuse of cleaning and pickling solution, in water rinsing, in circulation of cleaning solutions and rinse water, in protection of cleaned surfaces, for safety, and disposal of used solutions and water.