Bahya Ben Joseph Ibn Pakuda, also known as Behay and Bahie, was an 11th Bahya was the author of the first Jewish treatise on ethics, written in Arabic in. Philosophy and Mysticism in Bahya ibn Paquda’s “Duties of the Heart”. Diana Lobel. pages | 6 x 9. Cloth | ISBN | $s | Outside. Rabbi Saadyah wrote the first Jewish work of philosophy in Rabbi Bachaya wrote the first work of Jewish ethics more than a century later. Rabbi Saadya.

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An especial hindrance to repentance is procrastination, which waits for a tomorrow that may never come. Accordingly, he devotes the following section, entitled “Sha’ar ha-Perishut” Gate of Seclusion from the Worldto the problem that is uppermost in his mind, the relation of true religiousness ivn asceticism. But there are different modes of seclusion from the world.

In Portuguese by Samuel b. Most essential is the discontinuance of sinful habits, however excusable in themselves; because the longer they are adhered to, the more they grow from thin threads into thick ropes which can no longer be torn asunder.

Any text pasuda add should be original, not copied from other sources. Reifmann, in Graeber’s, ii. Thank You for Your Contribution! You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Just as each of the five senses has its natural limitations—the sound that is heard by the ear, for instance, not being perceptible to the eye—so human reason has its limits in regard to the comprehension of God.

Readers will discover an extraordinary time when Jewish, Christian, and Islamic thinkers participated in a common spiritual quest, across traditions and cultural boundaries. The first ubn of his work which is devoted to the unity of G-d employs philosophical arguments which some felt were not readily understandable and was skipped over by many students.

A Sufi-Jewish Dialogue is the first scholarly book in English about a tremendously influential work of medieval Jewish thought and will be of interest to readers working in comparative literature, philosophy, and religious studies, particularly as reflected in the interplay of the civilizations of the Middle East.


Confidence in God, however, should not prevent man from seeking the means of livelihood by the pursuit of a trade; nor must it lead him to expose his life to perils. According to the Jewish Encyclopedia:. The aim and goal of all ethical self-discipline he declares to be the love of God, which forms banya contents of the tenth and last section of the work, “Sha’ar Ahabat Elohim” The Gate of the Love of God.

Rabbi Bachaya Ibn Pakuda

Views Read Edit View history. Man’s inability to know God finds its parallel in his inability inn know his own soul, whose existence is manifested in every one of his acts.

This has its seat within, and is manifested in gentle conduct toward one’s fellowman, whether he be of equal standing or superior, but especially in one’s attitude toward God. Muhammad is traditionally said to have…. The true essence of God being inaccessible to our understanding, the Bible baha the name of God as substitute; making it the object of human reverence, and the center of ancestral tradition.

The assumption of a plurality, which is an accident and not a substance, would lower God, the Creator, to the level of creatures. She is the author of Between Mysticism and Philosophy: And one obn plummet it. He wanted to present a religious system at once lofty and pure and in full accord with reason.

A Sufi-Jewish Dialogue | Diana Lobel

Rabbi Bachaya lived in Muslim Spain, probably in Saragossa, and served as a judge, but little else is known about his life. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.

Guttmann, in “Monatsschrift,”pp. It consists of a variety of mystical paths that are designed to ascertain the nature of humanity and of God and to facilitate the experience…. His works were the inspiration and basis for later Jewish writers, such as Berachyah in his encyclopedic philosophical work Sefer Hahibbur The Book of Compilation. It is therefore a duty incumbent upon every one to make God an object of speculative reason and knowledge, in order to arrive at true faith.


A systematic, carefully constructed work, Duties of the Hearthas remained to this day a favorite of serious, sensitive students. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: A number of compendiums of the work were composed and published for this purpose. Bahya ben Joseph ibn Pakudaflourished 11th centurydayyan— i. The Law therefore shows the correct mode of serving Bahga by following “a middle way,” alike remote from sensuality and contempt of the world.

It educates the whole people, the immature as well as the mature intellects, for the true service of God, which must be that of the heart. Especially is humility shown in refraining paqura finding fault in others, and in patiently bearing insults from them. In fact, all that the world offers will disappoint man in the end; and for this reason the Saints and the Prophets of old often fled their lbn circles and comfortable homes to lead a life of seclusion devoted to God only.

Her critical ear for the nuances and history of Arabo- Islamic terminology. Sufismmystical Islamic belief and practice in which Muslims seek to find the truth of divine love and knowledge through direct personal experience of God.

Top 50 American Jews. The conditions of humility are meditation on God’s greatness and goodness, observance of the Law, magnanimity toward the shortcomings of others, patience to endure without complaint every hardship that God imposes, kindness to others and charitable judgment of their doings, and forgiveness of injuries received.

Pointing to the neglect of this group of mitzvot, he underscored their critical importance. Help us improve this article! He was also broad-minded bauya to quote frequently the works of non-Jewish moral philosophers, which he used as a pattern.