Matei Călinescu. · Rating details · ratings · 12 reviews. Five Faces of Modernity is a series of semantic and cultural biographies of words that have taken. Five Faces of Modernity: Modernism, Avant-Garde, Decadence, Kitsch, Postmodernism. Front Cover. Matei Călinescu. Duke University Press, Modernist Cultures invites essays from various fields of inquiry, including anthropology, art history, cultural studies, ethnography, film studies, history, literature.

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The central statement of Gautier in his preface to Mademoiselle de Maupin is characteristically negative, a definition of beauty in terms of its total uselessness: According to Og, the exhaustion of antibourgeois modernist culture is to be explained through its wide acceptance and subsequent banalization.

One of the essay’s basic ideas is that modernity is an “exclusively Western concept” and that it cannot be dissociated from Christianity because mldernity could appear only within this conception of irreversible time; and it could appear only as a criticism of Christian eternity.

The “Salon of ” modernitg at length with modernity, both modernityy the chapter entitled “On the Heroism of Modern Life” and indirectly the definition of romanticismand there are many scattered remarks on it fove other critical writings of Baudelaire, but there is little doubt that his most complete and pregnant treatment of modernity is to be found in his article on Constantin Guys, The Painter of Modern Life In this essay, modernity’s most striking feature is its tendency toward some sort of immediacy, its attempt to identify with a sensuous present grasped in its very transitoriness and opposed, by its spontaneous nature, to a past hardened in frozen traditions and suggestive of lifeless quiescence: Montaigne’s view of progress is not without a touch of melancholy — a welcome reminder that recognition of progress does not automatically lead to optimistic exultation.

Calindscu Without Youth Univ. Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. All the other rules, from the most comprehensive to the most specific, are derived more geometrico from these principles, and they are to be used as guidelines for the production by natural genius of any work of genuine calinsecu.

An earlier and shorter version of the chapter on ldquo;Kitsch” has appeared as “The Benevolent Monster: Classical antiquity came to be associated with resplendent light, the Middle Ages became the nocturnal and oblivious “Dark Ages,” while modernity was conceived of as a time of emergence from darkness, a time of awakening and “renascence,” heralding a luminous future.

On the contrary, the basic neoclassicism of the moderns was rather more intolerant than that of the ancients’ admirers, whose aesthetic concepts were certainly not more relativistic, but more flexible and comprehensive. Five Faces of Modernity is a series of semantic and cultural biographies of words that have taken on special significance in the last century and a half or so: This prevented him from ever becoming a passive admirer of the ancients’ grandeur.

Its sphere is thus much restricted, but at the same time its identity becomes essentially fleeting, extremely difficult to grasp because it cannot be defined in terms of past traditions Christian or otherwiseand very provisional because it stakes its survival on the confirmation of the future.


The number of copies requested, the school and professor requesting For reprints and subsidiary rights, please also note: Although determined by the growing prestige of reason as a critical faculty and by the revolutionary discoveries of science, the self-consciousness of modernity as a distinct and superior period in the history of mankind was not free from all association with religion.

Clearly, we are concerned here with the arguments of the moderns that have some kind of relevance to aesthetics, and not with what they had to say about modernity’s scientific and technological superiority that superiority, for obvious tactical reasons, was often brought up by most of the “modernists”.

Five Faces of Modernity: Modernism, Avant-garde, Decadence, Kitsch, Postmodernism

Shopbop Designer Modernitg Brands. To come across conscious attempts valinescu rehabilitate “modernism” or at least neutralize its polemical connotations we have to wait until the last decades of the nineteenth century. Consistently with his antinaturalism in the sense indicated abovethe poet rejects both the romantic idea of a “natural genius” analogous calinesfu a force of nature and the already well-established and rich tradition of the organic concept of art.

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Taste is the ability of 39 pleasing today. The process of erosion was started by a momentous revision of the values and doctrines that formed the legacy of the Middle Ages. From Romanticism to the Avant-Garde The distinction between antiquus and modernus seems to have always implied a polemic significance, or a principle of conflict.

Five faces of modernity: In hindsight, although man was certainly a utopian dreamer long before, this appears to have been faxes eighteenth century’s most significant legacy to our modernity, obsessed as it is with the idea and myth of Revolution.

Calinescu advances the assumption that it is the spirit of Modernity the one that gives life to the five “styles” or “isms” that he reflects upon in his book. By his overt praise of fashion, for instance, does not Stendhal make fun of the neoclassical view that the artist should try to approximate as closely as possible the universal and atemporal model of beauty?

Most historical revolutions have conceived of themselves as returns to a purer initial state, and any consistent theory of revolution implies a cyclical view of history -whether successive cycles are seen as alternating light, darkness or as forming a symbolic ascending spiral, in accordance with a more systematic doctrine of progress.

It will suffice here to recall a few more or less familiar facts that have direct bearing on the evolution of modernity as a concept, moderniyt the intention of giving a systematic rather than an historical account of the dispute and its results. The first subchapters of the opening essay should therefore be regarded as nothing more than a very general and inevitably sketchy introduction.

Stendhal is aware that to give consistently modern romantic, in his terminology one has to take the risk of shocking the public, at least insofar as its taste is influenced by official academicism and a host of deep-rooted prejudices, for which an inadequate understanding of tradition is responsible.


Being in the first cainescu interested in aesthetic modernity — and specifically in those of its lines of development that led to what today we agree to call “modernism” — I felt that my study could start somewhere around the mid-nineteenth century. Historians of calnescu idea of progress have established that the famous maxim about the dwarf standing on the shoulders of a giant and being thus able to see farther than the giant fiv can be traced back to Bernard of Chartres, who died in From the point of view of modernity, vaces artist — whether he likes it or not — is cut off from the normative past with its fixed criteria, and tradition has no legitimate claim to offer him examples to imitate or directions to follow.

FIVE FACES OF MODERNITY Modernism Avant-Garde Decadence Kitsch | Veria Wang –

Autorul e preocupat mai degraba de cuvinte decat calineecu manifestari culturale. This explains why the present does not dare ask for what it needs.

Modegnity is distinguished from any form of spontaneous or even conscious rebellion because it implies, besides the essential moment of negation or rejection, a specific consciousness of time and an alliance with it.

Baudelaire’s poetics of modernity can be taken as an early illustration of the revolt of the present against the past — of the fleeting instant against the steadiness of memory, of difference against repetition.

Five Faces of Modernity | Duke University Press

The broader theme of modern Christianity as a religion of despair and existential crisis will be treated in another chapter. The measurements-in-depth of this vacuum, indeed atheism finally understood, fige out the blueprint of a future kingdom of freedom.

Description Five Faces of Modernity is a series of semantic and cultural biographies of words that have taken on special significance in the last century and a half or so: Lists with This Book.

See all 5 reviews. In England, Swift was much better aware of the absurdity of such a “scientific” approach to the poetry of the ancients, and turned into ridicule the excesses of Perrault and Fontenelle: History seemed to proceed by dramatic ruptures, alternating periods of enlightened grandeur with dark periods of decay and chaos.

Please log in to set a read status. To ask other readers fivf about Five Faces of Modernityplease sign up. Grossly exaggerated, their contradictions and secret implications suddenly become obvious. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. In this sense it may be said that for the modern artist the past imitates the present far more than the present imitates the past.