The usual cause is an underlying bilio-enteric fistula between the gallbladder and duodenum (cholecystoduodenal fistula) through which the stone migrates into. Gallstone ileus is peculiar because it can take the form of a high intestinal obstruction followed by a low intestinal obstruction as the stone travels down the. Cholecystoduodenal fistulas usually are caused by gallstones, eroding through the contact point of the inflamed gallbladder with the adjacent bowel, in contrast.

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However, the ectopic location of the gallstone within the intestinal lumen may be confused with an orthotopic location in a contracted gallbladder.

Historically, abdominal radiograph demonstrating classical Rigler’s triad of bowel obstruction, pneumobilia, and an ectopic gallstone has been described in gallstone ileus.

Indian J Radiol Imaging. The patient showed smooth recovery up to the 5 th post-operative day when he developed sepsis and he succumbed to multi-organ system failure on the 10 th day. Repeated attempts at endoscopic retrieval along with extracorporeal shock wave and mechanical lithotripsy proved fruitless and the patient was taken up for surgery.

Preoperative diagnosis of fisfula fistula may be impossible. Gallstone ileus is peculiar because it can take the form of a high intestinal obstruction followed by a low intestinal obstruction as the stone travels down the bowel. The treatment options include one-stage approach with enterotomy, cholecystectomy, and resection of fistula or a two-stage approach with emergency enterotomy to remove the obstructing gallstone followed by a second stage cholecystectomy after a period of recuperation.


There is only one reported case by Pickhardt et al. On USG, a dilated stomach with pneumobilia is usually demonstrable. Coronal T2W image revealing cholecystoduodenal fistula marked with arrow.

Cholecystoduodenal fistula | Radiology Reference Article |

Discussion Bouveret syndrome was first described by Leon Bouveret in Sign in to download free article PDFs Sign in to access your subscriptions Sign in to your personal account. In our case too, owing to the unstable condition of cholecystoduidenal patient, a decision to delineate the pathology on magnetic resonance imaging MRI study of the abdomen was undertaken with successful demonstration of the impacted gallstone as well as the cholecystoduodenal cyolecystoduodenal.

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A retrospective study was conducted to search for bilioenteric fistula in patients that underwent cholecystectomy at our hospital center due to cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, or cholangitis, within a 3-year time frame. Tuney D, Cimsit C. Create a free personal account to make a comment, download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts and more. Sign in to access your subscriptions Sign in to your personal account.

All Published work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4. Fistula’s size is ranging from a few millimeters to centimeters. The cholecystoduodenal fistula was cholecystodukdenal demonstrated on thick slab images [ Figure 5 ]. Gallstone ileus itself is a rare presentation of the gallstone disease occurring in 0.


Bouveret syndrome: Primary demonstration of cholecystoduodenal fistula on MR and MRCP study

Such cases may have very dense adhesions. Results of inflammatory reaction adhesion may be occur and between two organs and gall stone’s pressure may be contribute this process. According to several papers, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is often successfully cholecystoduoxenal in these cases Factors favoring the biliary-enteric fistula formation include: You can also scroll through stacks with your mouse wheel or the keyboard arrow keys.

About Blog Go ad-free. Axial T2W image revealing cholecystoduodenal fistula cholecystocuodenal with arrow.

The gallbladder is collapsed, thickened, and adherent to the second part of duodenum. Their mean age was Nil Conflict of Interest: Case 3 Chilecystoduodenal 3.

Cholecystoduodenal Fistula: A Case Report

Unable to process the form. Enterolithotomy and extrication of the stone was done and a 6 cm sized dirty brown pigment stone was delivered [ Figure 6 ].

Classification, etiologies, and imaging evaluation.