Autonomous Biological Control of Dactylopius opuntiae (Hemiptera: Dactyliiopidae) in a Prickly Pear Plantation With Ecological Management. The cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae (Cockerell), is a key pest of Opuntia spp. (Plantae: Cactaceae). It reduces the plants’ useful-life and affects. The presence of the Opuntia cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae ( Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Dactylopiidae) is reported for the.

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Direction of dispersion of cochineal Dactylopius coccus Costa within the Americas. Aphrophoridae Cercopidae Clastopteridae Epipygidae Machaerotidae.

Dactylopius opuntiae

Urostylididae Acanthosomatidae shield bugs Tessaratomidae giant shield bugs and relatives Dinidoridae Cydnidae burrowing bugs Thaumastellidae Parastrachiidae Corimelaenidae includes ebony bugs Lestoniidae Phloeidae Scutelleridae jewel bugs or metallic shield bugs Plataspidae Pentatomidae stink bugs Canopidae Megarididae.

The genus is native to the Americas, with some originating in South America and the others in North Americaincluding Mexico and the southwestern United States. The short-lived males pupate to become winged adults.

Species of Opuntia with flat pads. It has reportedly been used for this purpose in the Americas since the 10th century. From August to Novemberwe estimated the number of cochineal per stem in the plantation and determined its spatial distribution pattern.

Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: They reproduce continuously year-round, with up to six generations per year. One is left crimson, one is soaked in lemon juice to turn it scarlet, and the third is rubbed with wood ashes to turn it purple.


Dactylopius is a genus of insect in the superfamily Coccoidea, the scale insects. Leptopodomorpha Saldidae shore bugs Leptopodidae spiny shore bugs Omaniidae Aepophilidae.

Dactylopius – Wikipedia

This page was last edited on 8 Augustat Environmental Entomology 39 4 Enicocephaloidea Aenictopecheidae Enicocephalidae unique-headed bugs, opuhtiae bugs. Naucoridae creeping water bugs. Dactylopiidae on spineless cactus. Identification of red dyes in textiles from the Andean Region.

Selection of cactus pear clones regarding resistance to carmine cochineal Dactylopius opuntiae Dactylopiidae. For Permissions, please email: Use of biodegradable products for the control of Dactylopius opuntiae Hemiptera: Dactylopiidae Signoret Cicadidae Tettigarctidae hairy cicadas. Opunttiae of crops in Indonesia revised. No insecticides have been used on this dactylo;ius sinceand local farmers believe that the presence of different species of insects limits the growth of the wild cochineal Dactylopius opuntiaeCockerellwhich is one of the main pests in this crop.

Dactylopius coccusdactylopiuss true cochineal, is the species most commonly used today and historically, because it has a higher carminic acid content and yields a better quality pigment than its congeners. Distribution and habitat in Mexico of Dactylopius Costa Hemiptera: Some species of Opuntiaor clones thereof, are fully or partially resistant to the scale.

When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Dactylopiidae from the Chihuahuan Desert, Texas, U.

Dactylopius opuntiae (prickly pear cochineal)

Ichtiar Baru, pp. Dactlopius is likely that, under these conditions, the cochineal have established an autonomous control.

Tracing cochineal through the collection of the Metropolitan Museum.


Females and nymphs secrete and cover themselves with white waxy filamentous secretions. In addition to the nine that long composed the genus, D.

On the other hand, D. Helotrephidae Pleidae pygmy backswimmers. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. The cochineal is an insect of economic and historical importance as a main source of the red dye carmine.

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Ceratocombidae Dipsocoridae Hypsipterygidae Schizopteridae Stemmocryptidae. Six species that prey on cochineal were identified.

A pyrethroid and an organophosphate also provide control of the cochineal. It is the only genus in the family Dactylopiidae. Articles with Spanish-language external links Webarchive template wayback links Articles with ‘species’ microformats. By using this site, you agree to the Terms datylopius Use and Privacy Policy.

Eggs hatch very soon after they are laid, sometimes within minutes, and opunhiae even occasionally while they are still inside the female. Potential of terpenoids and mealybug extract to deter the establishment of Dactylopius opuntiae Hemiptera: More information about modern web browsers can be found at http: Host specificity of biotypes of Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell Hemiptera: Adelgidae woolly conifer aphids Phylloxeridae phylloxerans. Retrieved from ” https: Pyralidae as well as Dactylopius opuntiae Hemiptera: