Abstract. OBJECTIVES Oromandibular dystonia (OMD) is a focal dystonia manifested by involuntary muscle contractions producing repetitive, patterned mouth. Oromandibular dystonia is a form of focal dystonia affecting the mouth, jaw and tongue, and in this disease it is hard to speak. It is associated with bruxism. Oromandibular dystonia causes spasms of the jaw, lips, and tongue muscles. This dystonia can cause problems with speech and swallowing.

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However a marked bulge is still apparent on her right half of forehead region which could be due to the muscular hyperactivity with probable hypertrophy in the involved muscle, a feature which has not been reported in the previous reported literature.

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Anticonvulsants such as carbamazepine reduce severe muscle spasm by decreasing polysynaptic response [ 11 ]. We present a case report of a year-old female patient who suffered repetitive bouts of hemifacial muscle contractions for 2 years on closing the mouth which interfered in patient’s well-being and quality of life by hampering her ability to eat and talk and to the extent of inability to breath due to contractions of her neck muscles.

Open in a separate window. They believed that tooth loss might trigger or worsen the dystonia. Back Oral Care Products. Developmental disabilities make everyday dental care a challenge, and many patients with disabilities receive dental treatment from experienced providers in hospitals, state-operated facilities and nursing homes.

Watch us on YouTube. Oromandibular dystonia after dental treatments: The work of several doctors such as Nancy Byl and Joaquin Farias has shown that sensorimotor retraining activities and proprioceptive stimulation can induce neuroplasticitymaking it possible for patients to recover substantial function that was lost due to Cervical Dystonia, oromandibular dystonia and dysphonia.

Oral health-related quality of life in Indian patients with temperomandibular disorders. Arthroscopy and other TMJ surgeries yielded no useful result in some patients with peripherally-induced OMD, and even exacerbated the conditions in some others. Secondary nonresponsiveness to botulinum toxin type A in patients with oromandibular dystonia.


Find articles by Saeed Raoofi. Oromandibular dystonia OMD is a oromanndibular disorder characterized by involuntary, paroxysmal, and patterned muscle contractions oomandibular varying severity resulting in sustained spasms oromandibylar masticatory muscles, affecting the jaws, tongue, face, and pharynx. Investigations included assessment of temporomandibular function with TMJ tomographic views which revealed an excessive anterior movement of the condyle on open mouth position Figure 1.

Early detection of the patients complaint and having an understanding of the anatomy which is responsible for the characteristic clinical signs and symptoms play a significant role in successful management of the case [ 910 ].

Associated dental issues include: Physical therapy modality including speech therapy, oral sensory devices and biofeedback, and so forth also have a positive role. Conclusion The Ultimate burden on oral health is of significant interest to the dentist as a vast range of dental implications are reported in the past literature in the form of Attritions, TMJ dysfunctions, increased cares risk, denture instability, loss of multiple teeth, alveolar atrophy, damage to restorations, and marginal to advanced periodontitis.

She showed a definite reduction of the dystonic movement, becoming symptom free. Jaw pain Tongue biting Wear on teeth from grinding Trauma to soft oral tissues Treatment for Oromandibular Dystonia OMD There is no ideal treatment for oromandibular dystonia, but a few approaches can help to alleviate symptoms.

Ill-fitting new denture, root-canal therapy, gingivectomy, crowns, tooth removal, apicoectomy, osteoctomy, TMJ arthroscopic surgery. J Am Dent Assoc. Extrapyramidal and movement disorders Disease stubs.

Long-term efficacy, safety, and side effect profile of botulinum toxin in dystonia: This article about a diseasedisorder, or medical condition is a stub.

Etiology, Diagnosis and Management of Oromandibular Dystonia: an Update for Stomatologists

Back Oral Care Center. The terms oromandibular dystonia, craniocervical dystonia, or Meige syndrome describe a focal or segmental dystonia whereby repetitive sustained spasms of the masticatory, facial, or lingual muscles result in painful, involuntary, movement of oromandinular jaws.

Diagnosis and treatment of dystonia. Botulinum toxin acts on neuromuscular junction through the steps of 1 attachment, 2 oromandiublar, 3 activation of short chain, and 4 disruption of SNARE proteins as depicted in Figure 8.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg. Specific activities or sensory stimuli, sometimes called sensory tricks are used to relieve the dystonia in OMD, but not in other type of dystonia, such as cervical dystonia. Bilateral coronoidotomy and masseter muscle stripping.


Journal of Cranio-Maxillary Diseases. There is inadequate evidence-based information about the efficacy of various medications currently being used for dystonia. How to induce neuroplasticity.

Oromandibular dystonia

Diagnosis The diagnosis of OMD is clinical and complicated, since it presents in various forms and severities. They concluded that different predisposing factors such as an associated movement disorder, family history of tremors, edentulous state, exposure to neuroleptic drugs, and peripheral nerve injury may contribute to the development of this movement disorder under some conditions or in certain vulnerable people; however, the relationship between them may be purely coincidental.

Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg. Electromyographic study of the bilateral temporalis and masseter reveals spontaneous fasciculations at rest. To progress the current medical and related health care options for patients with dystonia, excellent trials that study the efficacy of treatments are needed to be done.

In This Article Introduction. These disabilities affect the brain, the body and skills people use daily. Other therapeutic approaches Psychosocial and occupational therapy, support groups participation, cognitive behavioral therapy,[ 15 ] and deep brain stimulation surgery were also designed to reduce the hyperactivity of the muscles. The prevalence of OMD has been reported to be as high as 6.

What Is Oromandibular Dystonia? | ColgateĀ® Oral Care

Secondary OMD is associated with another disease like Parkinson’s, and the etiology is usually idiopathic or unknown.

The dystonic activities are also associated with tooth loss and hyposalivation. Dystonia is the manifestation of involuntary lasting severe muscle contractions, which lead to rhythmic and atypical movements in different parts of the body.

Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. Adverse effects reported are dry mouth, dysphagia, lethargy, generalized weakness, and dysphonia.