The Nassau grouper (Epinephelus striatus) is one of the large number of perciform fishes in the family Serranidae commonly referred to as groupers. It is the. Overall body color of Epinephelus striatus varies from tawny to pinkish red, with five dark vertical bars. The third and fourth bars branch above. Epinephelus striatus. These large, oblong fish can change both color and gender , and live at the rocky reef bottom of tropical Western Atlantic.

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Spinephelus a third of spawning aggregations have been estimated to have disappeared, and the grouper is considered to be commercially extinct in some areas. Proceedings of the 60th Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute, Main reference Upload your references References Coordinator: Courtship behavior includes vertical spirals, short vertical runs followed by crowding together and rapid dispersal, and horizontal runs near the bottom.

Even with these regulations in place, populations are still declining. It can be found from the shoreline to nearly m-deep water.

Epinephelus striatus – Discover Fishes

Freckled guitarfish Rhinobatos lentiginosus. Reproduction The Nassau grouper forms large spawning aggregations from a few dozen to overindividuals.

For example, when two Nassau groupers of different sizes meet, their body color may change in response to aggression. The eggs are released by the female, followed by the release of sperm by all the following bicolored males as well as further release of eggs by some bicolored females.


Nassau groupers aggregate to specific spawning sites on the full moon during December and January. The threats to the grouper include overfishing, fishing during the breeding period, habitat loss, pollution, invasive species, and catching undersized grouper. Spawning aggregates can be as large asindividuals.

Nassau groupers can also be found in beds of sea grasses and prefer areas of high visibility. While they have been recorded at depths up to m, they are more prolific in depths above 30 m.

Nassau grouper biology Adults are generally solitary, with the exception of spawning events when hundreds to thousands of individuals were known to group together.

Nassau grouper

Glossary Fertilisation The fusion of gametes male and female reproductive cells to produce an embryo, which grows into a new individual. Following a massive lobbying effort by conservationists, the Nassau grouper has finally received some of the protection it requires if numbers are going to recover from past exploitation 3. Ecotourism implies that there are existing programs that profit from the appreciation of natural epinephrlus or animals.

The eggs hatch into pelagic larvae that drift along with the currents for a month or so, epinepheus to becoming juveniles. A large spawning site for the species is located at Glover’s Reefoff the Belizean coast. X Close Image credit.

Nassau groupers are long-lived, surviving for over 20 years in the wild 3. Synonyms include Anthias cherna Bloch and SchneiderSparus chrysomelas Lacepedeand Serranus gymnopareius Valenciennes Poisoned people report having gastrointestinal problems for up to several days, and a general weakness in their arms and legs.

Smithsonian Marine Station

Dentition Groupers have several sets of strong, slender teeth that act as raspers. It is the second largest ocean in the world after the Pacific Ocean. By the light of the full moon, huge numbers of the grouper cluster together to mate in mass spawning.


Hyporthodus acanthistius Rooster hind Hyporthodus darwinensis Darwin grouper Hyporthodus ergastularius Sevenbar grouper Hyporthodus exsul Tenspine grouper Hyporthodus flavolimbatus Yellowedge grouper Hyporthodus haifensis Haifa grouper Hyporthodus mystacinus Misty grouper Hyporthodus nigritus Epinephslus grouper Hyporthodus niphobles Star-studded grouper Hyporthodus niveatus Snowy grouper Hyporthodus octofasciatus Eightbar grouper Hyporthodus perplexus Puzzling grouper Hyporthodus quernus Hawaiian grouper Hyporthodus septemfasciatus Convict grouper.

Caudal fin is rounded in juveniles, convex in adults.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

In addition to commercial fishing, this species also is a form of ecotourism. The Nassau grouper can change color pattern from light to dark brown very quickly, depending upon the surrounding environment and mood of the fish. The choice is now. Accessed September 17, at http: It is in a very high rate decline and is at serious risk of becoming extinct.

Contrary to previous opinion, evidence now suggests that individual Nassau groupers occur as separate sexes and do not change from female to male, as many other groupers do 5. Nassau groupers are loyal to their home reef, returning there to spawn.