rules and regulations to implement the provisions of the Act. Click to View Complete PDF File of Implementing Rules and Regulation for Republic Act No. Proposed Amendments to the Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) of Republic Act , Otherwise known as the “Electric. RA EPIRA-IRR. February 27, Rules and Regulations to Implement Republic Act No. , entitled “Electric Power Industry Reform Act of “.

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The amendments are intended to prepare electric cooperatives ECs for an environment of open access and ird competition, adding to the responsibilities of NEA, the agency that oversees the ECs. The Private Competition Enforcement Review.


Further, end-users within the franchise area of a distribution utility intending to connect directly to the transmission system need to secure the prior approval of the ERC. Much of the mining sector continues to emerge from a lengthy down-cycle. Explore our content Close. Under the RSEC-WR, electric cooperatives are classified into groups based on the number and consumption of their customers.

The ERC is also directed to promulgate rules and regulations governing electricity suppliers on their conduct of abuse of market power, cartelization and other anti-competitive and discriminatory behavior.

Philippines – The Energy Regulation and Markets Review – Edition 7 – The Law Reviews

Parties to a merger including those in the energy sector that meet the threshold requirements under the PCA are required to notify the PCC within 30 days of the signing of definitive agreements relating to the merger. As a result, the second part of the book has five chapters that focus on financing. Distribution utilities are required to submit accurate information on contestable customers that have accounts with the distribution utilities to the ERC and the Central Registration Body on a monthly basis.

To protect against market abuse and anticompetitive behaviour, the EPIRA prohibits the following persons or entities from holding any interest, whether directly or indirectly, in any generation company: The EPIRA mandated the establishment of the WESM to provide a mechanism for identifying and setting the price of actual variations from the quantities transacted under contracts between sellers and purchasers of electricity.

Font Size A A A. Business-focused legal analysis and insight in the most significant jurisdictions worldwide Interested in spira The minimum annual RPS requirement per mandated participant shall be computed by a team in coordination with NREB, 91 subject to an initial minimum annual increment of 1 per cent to be applied to the net electricity sales of the epida participant eira the epria year.


The International Arbitration Review. Under the EPIRA, key government agencies and instrumentalities were either created or their powers and functions reorganised, with the aim of fulfilling the mandate of the law.

Epifa seeking this approval, it must be shown that the distribution utility is unwilling or unable to adequately service the power requirements of such end user 46 in deference to the franchise held by the distribution utility covering such area.

These countries were selected because of the importance of mining to their economies and to ensure a broad geographical representation. DC providing for voluntary participation of end-users with an average monthly peak demand of at least kW in the competitive retail electricity market. Apart from the foregoing competition-related approval, there are epirra no restrictions or approvals necessary in the power industry for the transfer of assets, services or control, other than for those entities with legislative franchises, which usually include a clause providing that any change in ownership will require Congressional approval.

The DoE sought to strengthen the spira capability and financial viability of ECs by conducting an annual institutional, technical and financial audit of all electric cooperatives, and epjra and enforce a compliance plan.

There is no special legislation that promotes or advances particular technological developments in the RE sector. As ofcoal-fired power plants account for Pending issuance by the ERC of a prescribed competitive selection process, distribution utilities may adopt any accepted form of CSP. Distribution of electric power to end-users may be undertaken by private distribution utilities, cooperatives, local government units and other duly authorised entities, subject to regulation by the ERC.

The distribution wheeling rates and connection charges, which may be charged by distribution utilities to end users, are also subject to the approval of the ERC.

A performance incentive scheme is incorporated into the RDWR, whereby a qualified distribution utility is rewarded or penalised depending on its compliance with set performance ire and indices.

A retail aggregator is a person or entity licensed by the ERC to engage in consolidating the electric power demand of end-users qualified for contestability epiraa the purpose of purchasing and reselling electricity on a group basis. The NGCP was also awarded the legislative franchise, with a term of 50 years to engage in the business of conveying or transmitting electricity through the high-voltage backbone system of interconnected transmission lines, substations and related facilities.

Editor Karen B Wong.

Implementing Rules and Regulations

Direct negotiation may only be undertaken in the case of two failed competitive selection processes in which the following circumstances exist:. Mining is global but the business of financing mining exploration, development and — to a lesser extent — production is concentrated in a few countries, Canada and the United Kingdom being dominant.


An RES is a person or entity authorised by the ERC to sell, broker, market or aggregate electricity to end-users forming part of the contestable market, 40 which epra consists of end-users with an average monthly peak demand of at least kW for the proceeding 12 months.

On the other hand, the maximum distribution wheeling rates to be charged by private distribution utilities operating under performance-based regulations are governed by the Rules for Setting Distribution Wheeling Rates Revised RDWR. In contrast, the transmission of electric power is considered a regulated common electricity carrier business, requiring a national franchise and subject to the rate-making powers of the ERC.

Although there are currently no plans to have another round of FIT for solar, development of solar power project continues in the form of distributed energy resources DERs. The goal of retail competition and open access on distribution wires is to provide end-users forming ir of the contestable market — ultimately at household level — with their choice of electricity service providers.

Certain limitations ire the purchases of electric power through bilateral power supply contracts by distribution utilities are imposed under the EPIRA as a measure against market abuse and anticompetitive behaviour, and to encourage participation by distribution utilities in the WESM: As of To provide for rules and regulation governing the downstream natural gas industry, the DOE has issued Department Circular No. The Employment Law Review.

In view of this, the Department of Finance is pushing for new energy sources. The Court of Appeals has issued a day temporary restraining order against the suspension of the Commissioners. The installation targets for biomass and hydro have not been elira subscribed upon their expiration on 31 Decemberbut the DOE is expected to extend jrr for two more years.

On 22 Decemberthe DOE adopted the Rules and Guidelines Governing the Establishment of the RPS for On-Grid Areas, 90 which prescribes that the share of electricity coming from renewable energy resources shall be based on the aspirational target of 35 per cent in the generation mix by The law also allows for wholesale aggregators 23 — being any person or entity, other than a generation company — to be issued with a certificate of registration by the ERC to sell electricity to distribution utilities.

Generation companies submit generation offers, and customers their demand bids for each trading interval of each trading day of the week.