subspecies of mammal (donkey as a domesticated subspecies). Equus africanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species e. TA TAen. Common name, Donkey. Synonym, Equus africanus asinus. Other names, › African ass ›African wild ass ›Somali wild ass ›ass ›domestic ass. Rank, SPECIES.

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Breeding A male donkey or ass is called a jack, a female a jenny or jennet; a young donkey is a foal.

File:Donkey (Equus africanus asinus) ().jpg – Wikimedia Commons

Donkey Equus africanus asinus laying in the middle of a dirt road in the Hhohho region of Swaziland, Africa. Extant Perissodactyla Odd-toed ungulates species by suborder. It can be found in high elevations of up to 3, m altitude and the permanent snow line of about 5, meters.

William Wordsworth portrayed the donkey as loyal and patient in his poem Peter Bell: Donkeys were represented in a fairly negative form by the Greeks, but perceptions later changed, partially due to donkeys becoming increasingly symbolically connected to Christianity.

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Mammal Species of the World. The hybrid between a jack and a mare is a mule, valued as a working and riding animal in many countries. A mule does wfricanus sound exactly like a donkey or a horse. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Equus asinus.

File:Equus africanus asinus – Donkey 01-1.jpg

Mammal Species of the World: Working mule train, Nicaragua — They continue to fill important roles in many places today.

Donkeys have also been used to carry explosives in conflicts that include the war in Afghanistan and others. In contrast, a few years later, Cervantes ‘ Don Quixote shows a more positive slant on the donkey, primarily as Sancho Panza ‘s mount, portraying them as steady and loyal companions.

The donkey has a tough digestive system in which roughage is efficiently broken down by hind gut fermentation, microbial action in the caecum and large intestine. Equidae Evolution of the horse Wild horse Domestication of the horse. View all coordinates using: The hybrid between a stallion and a jenny is a hinnyand is less common.


The mule is valued because, while it has the size and ground-covering ability of its dam, it is stronger than a horse of similar size and inherits the endurance and disposition of the donkey sire, tending to require less food than a horse of similar size.

Species of the genus Equus. The rapid increase is attributed to attention paid to identification and recognition of donkey breeds by the FAO’s Animal Genetic Resources project. Many of the latter would only become widely available through the development of machinery processing cotton ginspinning jennyetc.

Date 23 April Donkeys are adapted to marginal desert lands.

Although formal studies of their behavior and cognition are rather limited, donkeys appear to be quite intelligent, cautious, friendly, playful, and eager to learn. By the end of the 17th century, changes in qeuus of both ass and arse had caused them to become homophones.

A jennet is normally pregnant for about 12 months, though the gestation period varies from 11 to 14 months, and usually gives birth to a single foal. Their numbers have spread around afrkcanus world. In the number ainus donkeys in the world was reported to be continuing to grow, as it had steadily done throughout most of history; factors cited as contributing to this were increasing human population, progress in economic development and social stability in some poorer nations, conversion of forests to farm and range land, rising prices of motor vehicles and fuel, and the popularity of donkeys as pets.

The hybrid between a jack and a mare is a mulevalued as a working and riding animal in many countries. A male mule is properly called a horse mulethough often called a john mulewhich is the correct term for a gelded mule. In addition, there are reasons not directly related to reproductive biology. Mules from Appaloosa mares produce wildly colored mules, much like their Appaloosa horse relatives, but with even wilder skewed colors.

While domesticated species are increasing in numbers, the African wild ass is an endangered species. This means that the proper scientific name for the donkey is Equus africanus asinus when it is considered a subspecies, and Equus asinus when it is considered a species. The donkey was the symbol of the Egyptian sun god Ra. Polyploid and Hybrid Genomics. Mules are much more common than hinnies. Pregnancy is rare, but can occasionally occur naturally as well as through embryo transfer.


The Donkey Sanctuary, Simple, basic, mammal, family Equidae, specifically to the order of peridodactyls, endangered specie Two donkeys grazing side by side Donkey Equus africanus asinusCorsica, France Smiling Donkey, Equus africanus asinus Two donkeys Equus africanus asinus in Alberta, Canada pair of rescue donkeys, Equus africanus asinus, out in the fields of the roaring donkey sancuary, west cork, ireland Donkeys Equus africanus asinus grazing in the Overberg region of the Western Cape Provinve, South Africa.

Views View Edit History. Archived from the original on 27 October They are also associated with the theme of wisdom in the Old Testament story of Balaam ‘s ass, and are seen in a positive light through the story of Jesus riding into Jerusalem on a donkey. Donkeys can defend themselves by biting, striking with the front hooves or kicking with the hind legs.

The hybrid between a stallion and a jennet is a hinny, and is less common. They are used in warfare, for economic purposes, pack animals, transportation, as a working animal for draft and agriculture purposes, for threshing, raising water, milling, to sire mules, to guard sheep, as companion animals to horses and ponies, as a baby sitter animal after a horse or pony foal has been weaned from its mother, for milk and meat, for use in making soaps and cosmetics, for dietary purposes, medicinal purposes, for the making of parchment and as a pet.

Behavior Donkeys have a notorious reputation for stubbornness, but this has been attributed to a much stronger sense of ‘self preservation’ than exhibited by horses. The Natural Superiority of Mules.