Cervical ectropion, or cervical ectopy, is when the soft cells (glandular cells) that line the inside of the cervical canal spread to the outer surface of your cervix. Glandular cells are red, so the area may look red. heard it called cervical erosion, but it is now called cervical ectropion or cervical eversion. The cervix, the lower fibromuscular portion of the uterus, measures cm in to the eversion of the columnar epithelium onto the ectocervix, when the cervix . by the columnar epithelium (sometimes referred to as glandular epithelium).

Author: Nataxe Samujas
Country: Pacific Islands
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Marketing
Published (Last): 18 October 2004
Pages: 482
PDF File Size: 18.38 Mb
ePub File Size: 10.16 Mb
ISBN: 557-2-60761-207-9
Downloads: 62935
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Shaktikasa

Cervical Ectropion (Cervical Erosion) | Jo’s Cervical Cancer Trust

In the meantime, tell your doctor if you have:. A localized overgrowth of the endocervical columnar epithelium may occasionally be visible as a reddish mass protruding from the external os on visual examination of the cervix. Crus of clitoris Corpus cavernosum Clitoral glans Hood.

Ectropion becomes much more pronounced during pregnancy. Glycogenation of the intermediate and superficial layers is a sign of normal maturation and development of the squamous epithelium. This will also help prevent infection. This complex architecture, consisting of mucosal folds and crypts, gives the columnar epithelium a grainy appearance on visual inspection.

Gartner’s duct Epoophoron Vesicular appendages of epoophoron Paroophoron. Since sympathetic and parasympathetic fibres are also abundant in the endocervix, dilatation and curettage of the endocervix may occasionally lead to a vasovagal reaction.

Assessment of symptomatic women. Occasionally the columnar epithelium extends into the vaginal fornix. This page was printed from: During early embryonic life, the cuboidal epithelium of the vaginal tube is replaced by the squamous epithelium, which begins at the caudal end of the dorsal urogenital sinus. A schematic diagram o There is no evidence of glycogen production.


The portion of the cervix lying exterior to the external os is called the ectocervix. The hard cells on the outside of the cervix are known as squamous epithelial cells.

Ovarian ligament Suspensory ligament. It is cylindrical or conical in shape, and measures 3 to 4 cm in length, and 2. The primary symptom of cervical ectropion is a glandklar, inflamed patch at the neck of the cervix — the transformation zone. They produce more mucus and tend to bleed easily.

How is it diagnosed?

Cervical ectropion (cervical erosion)

We may share your information with third-party partners for marketing purposes. As the cervkcal continues, the immature metaplastic squamous cells differentiate into mature stratified metaplastic epithelium Figure 1.

The metaplastic process mostly starts at the original squamocolumnar junction and proceeds centripetally towards the external os through the reproductive period to perimenopause.

Cervical ectropion cervical erosion. Cervical ectropion and cervical cancer are not related. The outside of your cervix normally has hard cells epithelial cells. Nabothian cysts are retention cysts that develop as a result of the occlusion of an endocervical crypt opening or outlet by the overlying metaplastic squamous epithelium 1.

It is also thought that some metaplasia may occur by in-growth of the squamous epithelium from the squamous epithelium of the ectocervix. If no author information is provided, the source is cited instead.


Having cervical ectropion does not mean a woman has chlamydia. The soft cells on the inside of the cervix are known as glandular cells, but the medical term for them is columnar epithelium. Over recent years, it has been clear that coffee protects against Parkinson’s disease.

Cervical ectropion – Wikipedia

However, the two conditions are not related. In postmenopausal women, the new squamocolumnar junction is often invisible on visual examination Figures 1.

After menopause through old age, the cervix shrinks with the decreasing levels of estrogen.

This can be accomplished using heat diathermycold cryosurgeryglaneular silver nitrate. Treating cervical ectropion If you choose to have treatment, it will usually be at a colposcopy clinic. Germinal epithelium Tunica albuginea cortex Cumulus oophorus Stroma Medulla. Squamous metaplasia in the cervix refers to the physiological replacement of the everted columnar epithelium on the ectocervix by a newly formed squamous epithelium from the subcolumnar reserve cells.

Cervical ectropion: What you need to know

You might have some mild discomfort similar to a period for a few hours to a few days. Remember, everslon treatment does not get rid of the symptoms or only gets rid of them for a short time. How do you get cervical ectropion?