Keragaman Genetik Gandum (Triticum aestivum L) Hasil Persilangan Konvergen . Amin Nur, Karlina Syahruddin, Marcia B. Pabendon. Induksi Kalus dan Regenerasi Beberapa Genotipe Gandum (Triticum aestivum L. ) secara In Vitro. INDUKSI MUTASI DAN SELEKSI IN VITRO TANAMAN GANDUM (Triticum aestivum L.).
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Archived from the original PDF on 26 January B raw unenriched long-grain white rice.
Introduction to plant breeding, Reinhold Publishing Corporation, California. Besides, the researchers had identified diverse classes of genes participating in energy production, metabolism and growth that were probably linked with crop yield, which can now be utilized for the development of transgenic wheat.
How to cite item. The major diseases in temperate environments include the following, arranged in a rough order of their significance from cooler to warmer climates: They can also damage the crop late aestkvum the season by eating the grain from the mature spike. Tentara Pelajar 3A, Bogor Indonesia. Botanically, the wheat kernel is a type of fruit called a caryopsis.
Basic physiological investigation of these gas exchange processes has yielded valuable carbon isotope based methods that are used for breeding wheat varieties with improved water-use efficiency. This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat In genetically susceptible people, gluten — a major part of wheat protein — can trigger coeliac disease.
Retrieved 1 June The origins and spread of domestic plants in southwest Asia and Europe. Retrieved 18 May Uses authors parameter Webarchive template wayback links All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from June Articles with permanently dead external links CS1 maint: In the past, there has been significant governmental intervention in handum markets, such as price supports in the US and farm payments in the Triticun.
In wild strains, a more fragile rachis allows the ear to easily shatter and disperse the spikelets. Aust J Agric Res 53 —. Alleles which are formed from the entire genotipes using 39 primers were alleles with a range fandum base pairs formed between Better seed storage and germination ability and hence a smaller requirement to retain harvested crop for next aestivmu seed is another 20th-century technological innovation.
World trade in wheat is greater than for all other crops combined. The new technology is truticum precise that it can detect infested seeds out ofgood ones. In traditional agricultural systems wheat populations often consist of landracesaestium farmer-maintained populations that often maintain high levels of morphological diversity. Sisharmini A, Aniversari A, Sustiprijatno Induksi kalus dan regenerasi beberapa genotype gandum Triticum aestivum L secara in vitro.
They also concluded that the settlers of Tell Aswad did not develop this form of emmer themselves, but brought the domesticated grains with them from an as yet unidentified location elsewhere.
Wheat – Wikipedia
Cambridge University, New York, pp Retrieved August 10, The challenge of feeding 9 billion people”. Vitamin Ealpha-tocopherol mg. Genetic diversity, zestivum structure, and linkage disequilibrium in US elite winter wheat. User Username Password Remember me. From Wikipedia, the free gandumm. Wheat is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera butterfly and moth species including the flamerustic shoulder-knotsetaceous Hebrew character and turnip moth.
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Nuts and seeds in health and disease prevention. Practical Applications of Plant Molecular Biology.
References Asadi Pemuliaan mutase untuk perbaikan terhadap umur dan produktivitas pada kedelai. Coors JG, Pandey S, eds. Jurnal penelitian dan pengembangan pertanian vol Email this article Login required. African J Biotech 8: The device uses electrical signals to detect the insects as the wheat is being milled.
An introduction to markers, quantitative trait loci QTL mapping and marker-assisted selection for crop improvement: Inthe most productive crop yields for wheat were in Ireland, producing 10 tonnes per hectare. Apart from mutant versions of genes selected in antiquity during domestication, there has been more recent deliberate selection of alleles that affect growth characteristics. The origins of formal wheat breeding lie in the nineteenth century, when single line varieties were created through selection of seed from a single plant noted to have desired properties.
Article Tools Print this article. More widely over the last 40 years, a massive increase in fertilizer use together with the increased availability of semi-dwarf varieties in developing countries, has greatly increased yields per hectare.