Fierla I., , Geografia gospodarcza Polski, PWE, Warszawa. 2. Węcławowicz G., , Przestrzeń i społeczeństwo współczesnej Polski, Studium z geografii. czy w Poznaniu, Katedra Ekonomii i Polityki Gospodarczej w Agrobiznesie, ul. Wojska Polskie- According to Fierla [] natural conditions are basic but passive development fac- tors. .. In: Geografia gospodarcza Polski. Ed. I. Fierla. PWE. Abstrakty. Analizy przekształceń infrastruktury transportowej Polski dokonano w . Lijewski T., Infrastruktura, [w:] Geografia gospodarcza Polski, pod. red I. Fierli, .

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As regards the number of passengers, the largest airports are the following: Basically, the idea of using long-distance navigable routes has been abandoned. The rail transport is experiencing the hardest moment. In a situation like this it is hard to expect that the requirements relating to the EU transport policy of sustainable development of all the transport branches, as well as to priorities for pro-ecological forms transport, which rail and inland water transport undoubtedly are, will be met.

Knowledge of Polish geographical environment, basic knowledge of geology, hydrology, climatology, geography, settlement, social geography, industrial geography. The river route of the Odra River is especially suitable to play such a role.

Raport roczny grupy PKP za lataWarszawa.

irena fierla pdf merge

University of Lodz – Central Authentication System. The period of development has been especially marked in modern flexible branches which are able to adjust to the needs of the transport market, such as road, air and – partially – sea transport.

The lecture and exercises is to provide natural and socio-economic characteristics Polish geographical regions. The average age of the ships amounted to 20 years. The transportation of commodities amounted to Przemiany gospodarcze Polski 3. Method and Criteria of Assessment:. There is mainly local transport of aggregates used in construction industry run along it. Faculty of Geographical Sciences. Course descriptions are protected by copyright.

Inthe public transport means i. Motorways of the length of km and express roads of the length of km were under construction, motorways of another km in length were at different stages of bidding procedures. Modernization of wharves has also been advanced, the aim of which is to raise the loading capacity and to introduce services of specialist and intermodal container terminals transport on a greater scale.


There is a progressing decline of the railways network as more and more fragments of it are being liquidated, others are having passenger and goods conveyance withdrawn. Inin Poland, the total length of exploited roads of different categories amounted to Basically, a large portion of the network, especially lines of secondary or local importance are undergoing accelerated devastation.

The air transport is experiencing a boom, chiefly due to the opening of the market of the so-called cheap airlines. A drop in the amount of rail transport was visible in the road, air and sea transport, whereas conveyance by the rail and inland water transport increased. The aim of the course is to explain the differences in the natural and socio-economic as well as the facts and the processes that shaped them and the Polish presentation on the background of the European structures.

The conveyance of passengers amounted to Lecture, 30 hours more information Practice class, 30 hours more information. The Polish sea transport fleet numbered ships of a total cargo carrying capacity of 2, thousand tons DWT and gross capacity 1, thousand tons GT.

The Transformations of the Transport Infrastructure in Poland. On the other hand, some regress has been recorded in branches such as rail and inland water transport, whose infrastructure – due to the considerable capital intensity and inertia of the connections system – has faced difficulty adapting to the changing expectations of the market.

The total length of the major roads of national importance was 18, km, that of regional ones – 28, km, county roads – , commune roads – 99, km. The number of passengers using ferry lines, mainly run to Scandinavian ports is growing steadily.

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It is particularly in the development of this branch of transport that one can notice a clear-cut technical barrier which is posed by the state of the road infrastructure, especially the lack of sufficiently developed motorway network and through highways. In recent years, the road transport has experienced a rapid development, which manifests itself mainly in the growing number of passenger vehicles, as well as improvement of availability of transport-related services as regards both passenger and goods conveyance, rendered – in their majority – by private transport firms.


A pplski increase in the amount of conveyance has been recorded as regards the sea transport. Skip to main menu Skip to submenu Skip to content.

Inthe Polish airports served 18, thousand passengers. Inall the branches of transport conveyed 1, You are not logged in log in.

In relation to the polskii of the landscape will be outlined historical perspectives on contemporary social influencing economic picture selected Polish regions. As a result of completion of this course the student should: In recent years transport in Poland has gone through a phase of considerable changes both as regards its infrastructure and the character of transportations.

The number of passengers served by national airports is growing dynamically. Jagoda GuzAnita Wolaniuk. Inthe length of the railways network in Poland amounted to 20, km, including 8, km of two- and more-track lines; there were 11, km of rails connected to the system of 3kV direct current. Copyright by University of Lodz. The skills of interpretation Polish elements of the natural environment and its current management as a result of natural, historical and political transformation, comprehensive knowledge of the characteristics of the geographical environment on a regional basis, the region and their individual characteristics.

Struktura przestrzenna rolnictwa 4. Inthe Polish Railways conveyed Towards the end ofin Poland, the length of the through highways amounted to 2, km, including km of motorways, km of express roads two- and one-carriageway ones and 1, km of two-lane roads of national and regional importance. The processes have not been prevented by either structural or economic transformations within the Polish State Railways Group. Considerable regress has occurred relating to the inland river transport which makes use of mutually isolated, short-distance navigable sections of the Odra River and the Vistula.