This procedure generates Levey-Jennings control charts on single variables. The Levey-Jennings control chart is a special case of the common Shewart Xbar . The Levey-Jennings chart was created in the s to answer questions about the quality and consistency of measurement systems in the. The Levey-Jennings chart usually has the days of the month plotted on the X-axis and the control observations plotted on the Y-axis. On the right is the Gaussian.

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It is both primitive and naive. The lead author was named James Westgard. Ten successive values all fall on the same side of the central line; or 5.

This is a “false alarm” problem that chaart inherent with the use of 2s control limits with an N of 2. The mean and standard deviation of the control being used should be noted on the chart.

Since this test was destructive, these measurements were made on samples cut from the same sheet of material.

From these data, the means and standard deviations were calculated to be:. Levey-Jennings Quality Control Charts. We can no longer take for granted that everyone knows how to build a control chart, plot the control values, and interpret those results correctly. To illustrate this, the data of figure 5 have been rounded to the nearest megohms in figure In this example, it is the standard deviation of the results.

Laboratory quality control

The Levey-Jennings chart uses cart long-term i. The Levey-Jennings charts can be interpreted using the Westgard rules. Tools, Technologies and Training for Healthcare Laboratories. The upper control limit would be: For this exercise, graph paper having 10×10 or 20×20 lines per inch works well.


QC: The Levey-Jennings Control Chart – Westgard

What are the mean and control limit lines for Control 2? Click here to view the answers to the exercise. This is the essential uncertainty attached to every measurement of resistivity in figure 5. Copied and pasted articles and sections with url provided from October All copied and pasted articles and sections.

These data were collected as part of a research project on measuring the resistivity in megohms of an electrical insulator. It is assumed that the proper control has been selected. You should end up with 3s control limits of and for Control 1.

See QC – The Planning Process for a description of the approach, tools, and technology available to select QC procedures on the basis of the quality required for a test and the performance observed for a method. Days 4 and 5 are out of control.

The Levey-Jennings Chart | Quality Digest

SPC for Excel is used in over 60 countries internationally. The Levey-Jennings chart for the data of figure 5 is shown in figure 7. Levey-Jennings or the control chart method? Calculation of control limits Two sets of control limits will be needed to implement the rules described above.

A control is selected for a lab test.

When we include the points in jennijgs runs with the out-of-limits points we find 34 of the 64 values to be associated with changes in the measurement process. Copyright on content held by Quality Digest or by individual authors. The rules applied to high volume chemistry and hematology instruments should produce low false rejection rates. While the average moving range is slightly larger in figure 9 than in figure 6, both XmR charts tell the same story.


Half the time the measurements will be in the central region of figure 8 and half the jenings they will fall in one of the two tails.

This website also contains information on laboratory QC procedures. Two successive points fall outside one of the two standard deviation lines; 3. The mean and one, two, and three standard deviation limits are also marked on the Y-axis.

The Westgard rules are used to identify potential signals of a change in the measurement process whenever the one of the following conditions exists on the Levey-Jennings chart: Mark off and identify appropriate concentrations on the y-axis. Data should be collected in the order in which they are generated. The rules below assume that one control is being run. In addition, the individuals chart uses the average of the results for the center line while the Levey-Jennings chart uses either the average or the control value for the center line.

The materials were analyzed chatr per day chaart a period of twenty jwnnings. The red points in the chart above are “out of control.