Authors. Alasdair MacIntyre. University of Notre Dame. Follow. Abstract. This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for , given by Alasdair Maclntyre, a Scottish. the nature of a more sophisticated patriotism comes from Scottish philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre, in an essay titled “Is Patriotism a Virtue?”. Patriotism raises questions of the sort philosophers characteristically discuss: How is patriotism to be defined? How is it related to similar.

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Normative issues Patriotism has had a fair number of critics.

If we indeed have a duty of special concern towards compatriots, and if that is an associative duty, that is because our association with them is intrinsically valuable and bound up with this duty. Routledge, in Association with the Open University.

In Defence of Mcaintyre.

Comments I find patriotism to be a function of the unconscious shortsighted, cavedwelling instinctual fears that inhabit the human mind actively ventriloquizing a disturbingly large segment of the public. As Richard Dagger puts it:.

But they are exemplars of moral virtue for the same reason that makes a more modest degree of concern for others a moral duty falling on all of us. Such duties are not means of creating or maintaining those relationships, but rather their part and parcel, and can only be understood, and justified, as such, just as those relationships can only be understood as involving the special duties pertaining to virgue while involving much else besides.

MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism

Some go further, and argue that patriotism is morally mandatory, or even that it is the core of morality. That is the view of patriotism as an associative duty see the entry on special obligationssection 4. Cirtue moral philosophers debate the standing of patriotism as an instance of the problem of reconciling universal moral considerations with particular attachments and loyalties, political theorists are primarily interested in patriotism as an ethos of the well-ordered polity and an antidote to nationalism.


Hulas, Maciej, and Stanislaw Fel eds. As we have seen, our ends our determined by the type of beings we are. Alessandro Ferrara – – European Journal of Philosophy 2 3: It is stupid because every patriot holds his own country to be the best of all whereas, obviously, only one country can qualify.

They merely happen to be the beneficiaries of the most effective way of putting into practice our concern for human beings in general. The responsibility for the injustice or lack of basic human solidarity lies with those who make the decisions and those who implement them.

Perhaps we can think of compatriots mackntyre an aggregate of individuals.

A revised version is reprinted in Igor Primoratz ed. She will also expect it to live up to certain standards and thereby deserve her support, devotion, and special concern for its well-being. The kind of patriotism defended by Nathanson and Baron is moderate in several distinct, but related respects.

MacIntyre – Is Patriotism a Virtue?

Chess may have meant little to me until I started playing it: The question does not admit of a single answer. There is, however, a major tradition in moral philosophy which understands morality as essentially universal and impartial, and seems to rule out local, partial attachment and loyalty.

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It is rather a common enterprise that produces and distributes a wide range of benefits. These end-states perfect or fully actualize some set of dispositions, some potentiality. So the activities and practices into which we enter not only give us a certain set of skills, but a tendency to continue to perfect those skills.

It is the second that is at issue. Understanding what is owed to and by me and understanding the amcintyre of the communities of which I am a part is … one and the same thing.


Some do their part without giving much thought to the reasons for doing so; others believe that doing so is, in the long run, the most prudent policy; still others act out of altruistic motives. One major account of political obligation is patgiotism of fairness. If not a duty, is patriotism morally valuable? Notify me of follow-up comments by email.

Habermas argues that this identity, expressed in and reinforced by constitutional patriotism, can provide a solid foundation for such a state, given the ethnic and patriotiem heterogeneity characteristic of most countries in western Europe. Tan, Kok-Chor,Justice without Borders: It also lies with those who give support to such decisions and their implementation. The individual becomes a moral agent only when informed as such by his community.

Moreover, gratitude virtuw appropriate only for a benefit conferred freely, as a gift, and not as a quid pro quo.