Malleus Maleficarum (). translated by Montague Summers []. This is the best known (i.e., the most infamous) of the witch-hunt manuals. Written in Latin. Malleus maleficarum, detailed legal and theological document (c. ) regarded as the standard handbook on witchcraft, including its detection and its. (title page from Lyons edition of Malleus Maleficarum as found in Robbins ). written in by two German Dominicans, Heinrich Kramer and Jakob.

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Because women are the negative counterpart to men, they corrupt male perfection through witchcraft and must be destroyed. Thank You for Your Contribution! The authors of the Malleus addressed those voices in no uncertain terms, stating: Internet URLs are the best. Jenny Gibbons, a Neo-Pagan and a historian, writes: For the film, see Witchhammer.

Malleus Maleficarum Index

However, its inclusion certainly gave the impression that the Malleus Maleficarum had been granted approval by Pope Innocent VIII which is one of the reasons why it became so popular.

Kramer wrote the Malleus following his expulsion from Innsbruck by the local bishop, due to charges of illegal behavior against Kramer himself, and because of Kramer’s obsession with the sexual habits of one of the accused, Helena Scheuberinwhich led the other tribunal members to suspend the trial. This Pape didn’t have Bulle to partage th world i Science had only just begun to make any real advances.

During the Age of Enlightenmentbelief in the powers of witches to harm began to die out in the West. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Malleus Maleficarum. A similar criticism by Gianfrancesco Ponzinibio of Florence in was countered by the support of the Malleus maleficqrum by the Dominican Bartolommeo de Spina in Caro Boja Sit Down Comedian, Psychotherapist in training.


The Bull, whose intent was to quell Protestant objection to the Inquisition, was an important precedent to the Malleus Maleficarumwhich was adopted as a witch hunting manual by both Catholics and Protestants in Germany, France, and Italy. Magic in the Middle Ages. Those arguments are not novel but constitute a selection from the long tradition of Western misogynist writings. But the monastic life mlleus reserved to the spiritually gifted few.

Malleus Maleficarum (1486)

As mentioned above, the late fifteenth century was a period of religious turmoil, already charged with the inchoate challenges that would eventually spark the Protestant Reformation several decades in the future. However, it is undeniable that such a text, with its dogmatic theology, rampant misogyny, and explicit endorsement of torture, would have had a markedly legitimizing effect upon these hateful movements.

The mlaeficarum is translated as “The Hammer of Witches”. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: And while a lot of its popularity is due to Johannes Gutenberg, who invented the printing press in the middle of the fifteenth century that allowed the work to spread so rapidly throughout Europe, the fact remains that this evil book was instrumental in the horrific deaths of many thousands of innocent people.

According to the date on a document, the papal bull had been issued intwo years before the Malleus Maleficarum was finished. The name is Latin for the Hammer of Witches. It was published inbut two years previously the authors had secured a bull from Pope Innocent VIII, authorizing them to continue the witch hunt in the Alps which they had already instituted against the opposition from clergy and secular authorities.

Persecution and Punishment from the Inquisition through the Salem Trials: However, it avoids the theological problem of under-representing the power of the Divine by arguing that even these malevolent actions are performed with the permission of God. The Malefiarum serves as a horrible warning about what happens when intolerence mallrus over a society.


All confessions acquired with the use of tortures had to be confirmed: The immediate, and lasting, popularity of the Malleus essentially silenced those voices.

Muhammad is traditionally said to haveā€¦. Women who had no man to nalleus them were of course highly suspicious. Satanism, any of various religious or countercultural practices and movements centred on the 4186 of Satan, the Devil, regarded maleticarum Christianity and Judaism as the embodiment of absolute evil. Then, signatories complain that “Some curates of souls and preachers of the Word of God feel no shame at claiming and affirming in their sermons to the congregation that sorceresses do not exist” [64] and notice that the intention of the authors of the Malleus Maleficarum is not primarily to alleviate this ignorance but rather “toil to exterminate the sorceresses by explaining the appropriate methods of sentencing and punishing them in accordance with the text of the aforementioned Bull and the regulations of the Holy Canons, thereby achieving their extermination”; [64] finally, signatories explain why they are providing their expertise:.

Amoral and undisciplined, women are governed primarily by passion. Instead, it was the effects of magic that mattered mmalleus, and harmful magic, the magic most characteristic of witches, belonged to women.

Section I argues that, because the Devil exists and has the power to do astounding things, witches immoral women exist to make these powers manifest.