The methanol leaf extract of Mallotus oppositifolius was evaluated for anti- inflammatory activity in rats and mice using acute and chronic anti-inflammatory. Mallotus oppositifolius is widely distributed and occurs from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to Angola and Mozambique, and also in Madagascar. Biochem Res Int. ; doi: // Epub Oct Evaluation of Mallotus oppositifolius Methanol Leaf Extract on the.

Author: Zolobar Faujinn
Country: Egypt
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Technology
Published (Last): 8 March 2013
Pages: 16
PDF File Size: 8.39 Mb
ePub File Size: 7.40 Mb
ISBN: 839-1-45402-157-1
Downloads: 30937
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Moogugar

Iwu [ 10 ] reported five hydrolysable tannins and cytotoxic phloroglucinol from the bark of another species Mallotus japonicus. Preliminary phytochemical screening revealed the presence of flavonoids, saponins, tannins, cardenolides cardiac glycosidesanthocyanins and possibly also alkaloids and anthraquinones.

The harvested leaves are usually used fresh, whereas the roots are usually dried, pounded and kept opposihifolius a pot for later use. It has also gained popularity for decades in the treatment of diabetes mellitus [ 318 ]; however, majority of the remedies have not been precisely evaluated. Reviews on bioactive components in plants express that desirable biological and therapeutic activities observed with plants opposiitifolius range between the alkaloid and flavonoid components [ 2021 ].

Journal of Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment 2 1: The procedures were carried out in triplicates and the mean used in computations. The ferric reducing ability of plasma, a measure of the antioxidant ability, showed that MP produced a oppositofolius dependent antioxidant effect.

Leaves opposite, simple; petiole long and short in each pair, 2.


Mallotus oppositifolius – Useful Tropical Plants

Reactive oxygen species ROS have been implicated in many pathologies oppositifoolius as heart diseases, cancers, arteriosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, and arthritis [ 22 ]. Small germplasm collections are maintained in oppositifolijs United Kingdom and South Africa. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences 9 2: Aqueous and ethanol extracts of dried leaves showed significant antifungal activity in vitro against Aspergillus flavusCandida albicansMicrosporum audouiniiPenicillium sp.

Phytotherapy Research 16 5: Differences between the groups were separated by post hoc LSD. Blood was collected from heart using disposable hypodermic syringes and transferred into EDTA tubes immediately. The effect of MP extract on the fasting blood glucose levels of test rats. African Journal of Biotechnology 2 Therefore we selected and evaluated the methanol leaf extract of MP for its claimed antidiabetic potentials considering also, its effect on total cholesterol and biomarkers of oxidative stress in vivo oppoeitifolius in vitrorespectively.

Medpharm Scientific, Stuttgart, Germany.

A leaf and fruit infusion is taken to treat dysentery and diarrhoea, or the leaves are added to food. Crushed leaves or a leaf infusion are applied to treat urinary infections, venereal diseases, malaria, leprosy, chickenpox and female sterility. African Journal of Medicine mallotjs Medical Sciences The results showed that MP significantly reduced the blood glucose and was found to possess significant antioxidant potentials in vitro both in the DPPH and the ferric oppoditifolius assay.

The findings with MP extract in this study confirm its folkloric uses in the management of diabetes, thus making Mallotus oppositifolius a probable plant for drug discoveries. Medicinal plants of the eastern region of Madagascar. Flora of Tropical East Africa. In West Africa most plant parts, but especially the leaves, are commonly used for medicinal purposes.


The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests as per this work, the project was not funded by any organization, and appropriate acknowledgments have been given to those deserving. The study indicated a concentration dependent increase in hepatic lipid peroxidation marker-malondialdehyde MDA levels.

Click on “show more” to view them. Table of Contents Alerts.

Plant Collection and Identification Fresh M. Editions Alzieu, Grenoble, France.

Mallotus oppositifolius

An infusion of the roots together with the seeds of Aframomum melegueta K. The rats were then anaesthetized by halothane inhalation. B 10 x – 29k – jpg ww2. Journal of Applied Entomology 7: Furthermore, increased glycogenesis, glycolysis, decreased glycogenolysis, and reduced carbohydrate breakdown as well as potential oppositifoliud in glucose absorption are further proposed as possible mechanisms of antidiabetes activity with MP.

High blood glucose levels not only increase the production of reactive oxygen species ROS but also affect antioxidant activities of ROS scavenging enzymes [ 67 ]. Regular weeding is necessary. The wood is also used as firewood and to make tool handles or yam stakes. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae with Pandaceae.